TDS and TCS
|Nature of payment||Salary||Dividends paid by Indian companies||Interest||Winnings from Lottery or crossword puzzles more than Rs.10,000/-||Payments to contractors|
|When is TDS to be deducted?||At the time of payment of salary||At the time of payment of dividend||At the time of payment of interest or transfer to the interest payable account of the deductor||At the time of payment||At the time of payment or passing entry in accounts whichever is earlier|
|When is TDS to be deposited?||Within 07 days from the end of the month in which TDS is deducted or if the payment is made in March, then before 30th April of next F Y||Within 07 days from the end of the month in which TDS is deducted or if the payment is made in March, then before 30th April of next F Y||Within 07 days from the end of the month in which TDS is deducted or if the payment is made in March, then before 30th April of next F Y|
|Applicable Rate of TDS (% of the gross amount paid pr payable)||Depends upon the income of payee. Rate is not specified||Rate is not specified. TDS is deducted at the applicable rates in force||10||30||In case payments to HUF and individuals: 1%
For others: 2%
|Applicable to NR?||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||No|
|Low/No TDS certificate applicable||Yes||Yes||Yes||No||Yes|
|Form of TDS Return||Form No. 24Q||Form No. 26Q||Form No. 26Q||Form No. 26Q||Form No. 26Q|
|Important remarks||TDS is not applicable in respect of Dividend Distribution Tax||In case of interest payment by banks, co-operative societies and post office deposits TDS is deductible if the interest amount exceeds Rs.10,000/- or Rs. 50,000/- in case of senior citizens||In case where the winnings are partly or wholly in kind, then the person responsible for paying the winnings must ensure that tax has been paid in respect of those winnings.||TDS is not required if the single payment does not exceed Rs.30000/- or the total annual payments do not exceed Rs. 100,000/-.
In case of transport contractor of he is owning less than 10 trucks and furnishes the declaration with PAN, then TDS is not necessary.
|Nature of payment||Winnings from horse races provided such winnings are more than Rs. 10,000/-||Insurance Commission more than Rs. 15,000/- annually||Payments including bonus under a life insurance policy||Payments of deposits made under National Savings Certificates||Payments in return of amounts invested under ELSS or in Mutual Funds|
|When is TDS to be deducted?||At the time of payment||At the time of payment||At the time of payment||At the time of payment||At the time of payment|
|When is TDS to be deposited?|
|Applicable Rate of TDS (% of the gross amount paid pr payable)||30||5||1||10||20|
|Applicable to NR?||Yes||No||No||Yes||Yes|
|Low/No TDS certificate applicable||No||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Form of TDS Return||26Q||26Q||26Q||26Q||26Q|
|Important remarks||Rate is 10% in case the payments are made to the company||The amount which is not includible in the incomes under section 10(10)(D) may not be considered for TDS||In case the payments are made to heirs of the taxpayer, then TDS is NOT applicable.|
|Nature of payment||Commission, remuneration or prize on sale of lottery tickets, exceeding Rs. 15,000||Payment of any income by way of commission or brokerage more than Rs. 15000/-||Payment of Rent||Payment for purchase of immovable property||Payment of Rent by Individuals and HUF||Payment of consideration against Joint Development Agreements|
|When is TDS to be deducted?||At the time of payment of or transfer to the payable account of the deductee in the books of deductors whichever is earlier||At the time of payment of or transfer to the payable account of the deductee in the books of deductors whichever is earlier||At the time of payment of or transfer to the payable account of the deductee in the books of deductors whichever is earlier||At the time of payment of rent of last month of the F Y or the last month of tenancy whichever is earlier.|
|When is TDS to be deposited?||Within 07 days from the end of the month in which TDS is deducted.||Within 07 days from the end of the month in which TDS is deducted.||Within 07 days from the end of the month in which TDS is deducted.|
|Applicable Rate of TDS (% of the gross amount paid pr payable)||5||5||In case of machinery: 2
In case of Land or building or furniture: 10
|Applicable to NR?||Yes||No||No||Yes||No||No|
|Low/No TDS certificate applicable||Yes||Yes||Yes||No||No||No|
|Form of TDS Return||26Q||26Q||26Q||26QB||26QC|
|Important remarks||This is different than the Insurance commission.||TDS is applicable only in case the rent exceeds Rs.180,000/- for a year. If the rent is paid by Individual and HUF, then TDS is not applicable in case the books are not audited.||TDS is not applicable in case the total amount of consideration does not exceed Rs.50,00,000/-. The deductor of TDS does not need TAN but the TDS can be remitted using PAN of the deductor||Not applicable if total amount of rent doesn’t exceed Rs.50,000/-. The deductor of TDS does not need TAN but the TDS can be paid using PAN of the deductor||This is not applicable in case the consideration against Joint Development Agreement is paid in kind.|
|Nature of payment||Payments of fees for professional services, technical services, royalty, non-compete fee, remuneration/commission to the director, non-disclosure fees for patents etc. in excess of Rs. 30,000/-||Payment of any sum, in the nature of compensation or the enhanced compensation or the consideration or the enhanced consideration on account of compulsory acquisition, of any immovable property||Payments of distributed income of a business trust||Income from venture capital Investment Fund||Income payable to an investor, in respect of investment in a Securitization Trust|
|When is TDS to be deducted?||At the time of payment of or transfer to the payable account of the deductee in the books of deductors whichever is earlier.||At the time of payment or at the time of credit, whichever is earlier||At the time of payment or at the time of credit, whichever is earlier||At the time of payment or at the time of credit, whichever is earlier||At the time of payment or at the time of credit, whichever is earlier|
|When is TDS to be deposited?|
|Applicable Rate of TDS (% of the gross amount paid pr payable)||10||10||10||10%
|In case of Individual and HUF 25%
AND 30% in case of other person
|Applicable to NR? (Rates will be different)||No||No||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Low/No TDS certificate applicable||Yes||Yes||No||Yes||Yes|
|Form of TDS Return||26Q||26Q||26Q||26Q||26Q|
|Important remarks||This does not include agricultural land including urban agricultural land
This is not applicable to land acquired under Right to Fair Compensation Act, 2013.
When the aggregate amount of total compensation does not exceed Rs. 2,50,000/-, no deduction of TDS.
Overview of TDS on salary
After deduction of tax, the employer is expected to provide the employee the statement of deduction and deposit of such TDS into Government Account through a prescribed form which is called as Form 16. The details of TDS deducted and deposited and any other tax including advance tax and self assessment tax can be seen by the taxpayer whose TDS is deducted on www.incometaxefiling.gov.in or www.tin-nsdl.gov.in in a form known as Form 26AS.
What are the rates of deduction of tax (TDS) on salary?
Income and tax Statement (prepare my income and tax statement)
Is it possible NOT to deduct TDS on salary?
It is the responsibility of the employer to deduct tax on the salary paid. If he does not deduct tax, he is liable to penal action as per law. However, if the employee shows that he has already paid the applicable tax or he does not need to pay tax or he has obtained the No TDS certificate from the Income Tax Authorities, then the employer may not deduct tax. But the employer has to mention such details of non-deduction in the TDS statement filed by him in
Form No. 24Q.
How is the tax deducted on the perquisites provided by employer like rent free accommodation and motor car?
I was employed with more than one employer during a particular F. Y. How will my TDS deduction be done by my employers?
The employer with whom you were employed in the first part of the F Y shall deduct TDS normally. Then when you switch to another employer, you need to provide the details of the income received from erstwhile employer and the details of tax deducted (TDS) on such an income. Such details may be provided to the current new employer in a Form No. 12B prescribed under Rule 26A of the Income tax Rules. In case, you have received perquisites from erstwhile employer then you may need to provide complete details of valuation of such perquisites through an annexure attached with Form No. 12B.
What is Form No. 16?
What are the components and structure of Form No. 16?
Form No. 16 is having two (2) parts i.e. Part A and Part B. The Part A comprises of the details of the tax deposited by the employer to the Government Account. If the employer is a Government or a Government undertaking, the payment is made by it via book entry and identified through Book Identification Number and if the employer is other than Government and semi-Government bodies, the payments are done through Challans and identified via Challan identification Number (CIN).
The part A of the Form No. 16 is as follows:
The part A of Form No. 16 is to be automatically generated by the employer from TRACES portal of Income tax Department. This Part A has the unique number generated from this portal. Know more about Form No. 16.
I have lost my Form No. 16. Can I get another Form No. 16?
Yes. You can get another Form No. 16, however the same may be marked as duplicate as ‘Duplicate’ by your employer. The duplicate Form No. 16 is the same as original Form No. 16.
What are the absolutely essential details in Form No. 16?
- Valid permanent account number (PAN) of the deductee/employee
- Valid tax deduction and collection account number (TAN) of the deductor/employer
- Book Identification Number (BIN) or numbers where deposit of tax deducted is without production of challan in case of an office of the Government
- Challan Identification Number (CIN) or numbers in case of payment through bank
- Receipt numbers of all the relevant quarterly statements of tax deducted at source (TDS)
When is the TDS on salary to be deducted?
At the time of payment of salary, the employer is required to deduct TDS on such income from salary.
What are the particulars/documents to be furnished in support of various deductions and claims by the employee taxpayer to the employer to ensure proper TDS deduction?
|Sl. No||Nature of claims / deductions||Evidence or particulars to be furnished|
|1||House Rent Allowance.||Name, address and permanent account number of the landlord/landlords where the aggregate rent paid during the previous year exceeds rupees one lakh.|
|2||Leave travel concession or assistance.||Evidence of expenditure.|
|3||Deduction of interest under the head “Income from house property”.||Name, address and permanent account number of the lender.|
|4||Deduction under Chapter VI-A.||Evidence of investment or expenditure.|
These particulars are to be furnished in Form No. 12BB. The details furnished herewith in this Form must be verified before submitting to the deductor employer.
Prepare my Income tax statement and Form No. 12BB for TDS deduction
Yes. As per section 192(2B) and Rule 26B, if the employee taxpayer is having any income he may inform to the employer about the same and any tax deducted on such income. However, loss under any head other than loss from house property is not needed to be informed.
26B. (1) The assessee may send to the person responsible for making payment under sub-section (1) of section 192, a statement of any income chargeable under any head of income other than “Salaries” (not being a loss under any such head other than the loss under the head “Income from house property”), received by the assessee for the same financial year, and of any tax deducted on such income.
(2) A verification in the following form shall be annexed to the statement referred to in sub-rule (1),—
FORM OF VERIFICATION
I, …………………..(name of the assessee), do declare that what is stated above is true to the best of my information and belief.]
I am receiving the salary in a foreign currency and not in INR. How is TDS done on my income from Salary?
In such case, the employer is required to deduct tax (TDS) in INR after adopting the exchange rate as adopted by SBI for purchasing such a foreign currency on the date when TDS is required to be deducted by an employer.
Who is responsible for issuing Form No. 16 to pensioners who are drawing their pensions through banks?
The CBDT has issued a clarification through Circular No. 761 dated 13.01.1998 as per which the deductee bank has to issue Form No. 16 to the pensioner who is drawing the pension through a particular bank.
How is the tax deducted (TDS) on the withdrawal of the accumulated balance of provident fund due to an employee?
When the employee seeks to withdraw the accumulated balance of PF and it is more than INR 50,000/- then the trustees of such a fund shall deduct TDS at the rate of 10% on such amount of accumulated balance of PF. In case PAN is not furnished by the deductee, then the TDS shall be done at the maximum marginal rate of tax.
TDS Rates for various payments
|Sr. No.||Section||Nature of payments||Where deductee is a person ‘Other than a Company’||Where the deductee is a Company|
|Resident in India||Other than resident in India||Resident in India||Other than resident in India||1||192||Payment of Salary||Slab Rate||Slab rate||NA||NA|
|2||192A||Payment of accumulated balance of Provident Fund||10||10||NA||NA|
|3||193||Payment of interest on securities||10||10||10||NA|
|4||194||Payment of dividends||NA||NA||10||NA|
|5||194A||Payment of interest other than interest on securities||10||10||10||NA|
|6||194B||Winnings of lotteries, crossword puzzles, card games or other games of any sort||30||30||30||30|
|7||194BB||Winnings from horse races||30||30||30||30|
|8||194C||Payments to contractors and sub-contractors||Individuals and HUF: 1||NA||Individuals and HUF: 1||NA|
|Others : 2||Others : 2|
|10||194DA||Payment in respect of Life Insurance policy||1||NA||1||NA|
|194E||Payment to a Non-resident sportsperson/sports association||NA||20||NA||20|
|11||194EE||Payment in respect of deposits under National Savings Scheme||10||10||10||NA|
|12||194F||Payment on account of repurchase of units of MF||20||20||20||NA|
|194G||Commission on sale of lottery tickets||5||5||5||5|
|13||194H||Commission or brokerage||5||NA||5||NA|
|14||194I||Payment of rent||Immovable property: 10||NA||Immovable property: 10||NA|
|Machinery : 2||Machinery : 2|
|15||194IA||Payment on transfer of immovable property other than agricultural land||1||NA||1||NA|
|16||194IB||Payment of rent by individual or HUF who is not liable to audit in immediately preceding year||5||NA||NA||NA|
|17||194IC||Payment of monetary consideration under Joint Development Agreements||10||NA||10||NA|
|18||194J||Payment against professional fees, technical fees, royalty, remuneration to a director and non-compete fees etc.||10||NA||10||NA|
|19||194LA||Payment of compensation on acquisition of certain immovable property||10||NA||10||NA|
|194LB||Payment of infrastructure debt fund||NA||5||10||5|
|20||194LBA||Payment on distribution of income of a business trust||10||5/30||10||5/40|
|21||194LBB||Payment to an unit holder by an Investment Fund||10||30||10||40|
|22||194LBC||Income in respect of an investment in a Securitization Trust||Ind.HUF: 25||30||10||40|
|Others : 30|
|23||194LC||Payment by an Indian company of interest on money borrowed on loan||NA||5||NA||5|
|24||194LD||Payment of interest on denominated bond of an Indian Company or a Government Security to an FII or a Qualified Foreign Investor||NA||5||NA||5|
|25||195||NA||Know more about section 195||NA||Know more about section 195|
TDS as per Section 195
|Sr. No.||Particulars or nature of payments made||Other than company||Company|
|1||Income in respect of investment made by a Non-resident Indian Citizen||20||NA|
|2||Income by way of long-term capital gains referred to in Section 115E in case of a Non-resident Indian Citizen||10||NA|
|3||Income by way of long-term capital gains referred to in Section 112||10||10|
|4||Income by way of long-term capital gains as referred to in Section 112A||10||10|
|5||Income by way of short-term capital gains referred to in Section 111A||15||15|
|6||Any other income by way of long-term capital gains [not being long-term capital gains referred to in clauses 10(33), 10(36) and 112A]||20||20|
|7||Income by way of interest payable by Government or an Indian concern on moneys borrowed or debt incurred by Government or the Indian concern in foreign currency (not being income by way of interest referred to in Section 194LB or Section 194LC)||20||20|
|8||Income by way of royalty payable by Government or an Indian concern in pursuance of an agreement made by it with the Government or the Indian concern where such royalty is in consideration for the transfer of all or any rights (including the granting of a license) in respect of copyright in any book on a subject referred to in the first proviso to sub-section (1A) of Section 115A of the Income-tax Act, to the Indian concern, or in respect of any computer software referred to in the second proviso to sub-section (1A) of Section 115A of the Income-tax Act, to a person resident in India||10||10|
|9||Income by way of royalty [not being royalty of the nature referred to points above payable by Government or an Indian concern in pursuance of an agreement made by it with the Government or the Indian concern and where such agreement is with an Indian concern, the agreement is approved by the Central Government or where it relates to a matter included in the industrial policy, for the time being in force, of the Government of India, the agreement is in accordance with that policy||10||10|
|10||Income by way of fees for technical services payable by Government or an Indian concern in pursuance of an agreement made by it with the Government or the Indian concern and where such agreement is with an Indian concern, the agreement is approved by the Central Government or where it relates to a matter included in the industrial policy, for the time being in force, of the Government of India, the agreement is in accordance with that policy||10||10|
|11||Any other income||30||40|